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13 months

General Impression:
Child’s mobility is continuing to open up his world. He is beginning to communicate using words for Mom, Dad, and simple food items, such as cup, juice, or cracker. Babbling is very common and child may pretend to imitate parents doing activities such as talking on the phone.

Positive Social-Emotional Skills (including social relations)
Child engages in early conversation and follows directions to please adults. He is communicating with babbles and jargon and a few early words.

Acquisition and Use of Knowledge and Skills (including early language/communication)
Child is showing an increase in receptive language and cognition. He can point and will often point to pictures with the expectation that his caregiver will label the picture. He is following more simple one-step directions and will look around to find the object that is named by his parent.

Child is also showing better command of expressive language, as he will repeat simple sounds and words on request. Early words are emerging.

Ability to Take Actions to Get Needs Met

Controls Body to Get Wants and Needs Met
Child’s mobility has increased and he is all over the house, following behind parent and exploring on his own. For children who are already walking, they may resort to crawling if it will get them someplace quicker. Child can use his hands in a coordinated manner which is seen both in eating and play skills. Cause/effect toys or busy boxes are easier for the child to manipulate now. Child can purposefully throw a ball from a sitting or standing position.

Self Care (Feeding, Dressing & Toileting)
Child is still cooperating with dressing and takes just a very few items off. He can finger feed himself a good portion of the meal / snack. Transition to an open or sippy cup and reduction / elimination of the bottle should be occurring.

Makes Wants and Needs Known
Child will use mostly pointing and gestures to request items, but may have a word or two to request his cup, juice, milk or a favorite snack, such as cookie/cracker.

14 months

General Impression:
Child begins to initiate games (i.e. peek-a-boo) with caregivers and gives hugs and kisses to Mommy and Daddy. Parents will have many “tricks” to show off what their child can do (i.e. wave bye-bye, blow kisses, where’s your belly, etc.). Child can chew most foods well and is independently eating half of her meal.

Positive Social-Emotional Skills (including social relations)
Child is showing affection to Mom and Dad by giving kisses and hugs. She wants to be near adults and participates in many social games to please those adults. She will even initiate games such as peek-a-boo with caregivers.

Acquisition and Use of Knowledge and Skills (including early language/communication)
Child’s persistence and problem solving converge and child is able to unwrap a present to find a hidden treasure. She also wants to imitate siblings and adults by using a crayon to scribble in imitation.

She may now be able to name a few pictures in a book, but still wants caregiver to name the pictures. Child is gaining about one new word each week.

Ability to Take Actions to Get Needs Met

Controls Body to Get Wants and Needs Met
By the end of the 14 th month, child should be walking independently and fairly steadily throughout her environment. For those children who have been walking for a few months, they may begin to attempt to jump.

Child’s ability to use his hands can also be seen, as she is able to turn pages in a book and scribble with a crayon when shown what to do. Child is able to tear paper and unwrap a present.

Self Care (Feeding, Dressing & Toileting)
Child is eating a larger variety of foods and is able to chew most foods well without the fear of choking. She can finger feed herself approximately ½ of the meal. Ability to undress has continued and includes pulling off her socks.

Makes Wants and Needs Known
Child’s ability to request drink and food with gestures and 1-2 words is increasing. More sounds / word approximations accompany the gestures.

15 months

General Impression:
At 15 months, the child is entering the toddler times and is full of activity. This is a child that is generally always on the go and into everything without a sense of danger. Normal concerns for parents are electrical outlets, the child climbing furniture or running out into the street. Child is beginning to communicate more by pointing and vocalizing wants and needs. Child gets around by walking and can climb stairs on hands and knees.

Positive Social-Emotional Skills (including social relations)
Child gets anxious around strangers and instead prefers to be near caregiver. He will not yet walk around house independently even though he is capable of doing so. Child will probably use the word “no” or “stop” to assert himself and communicate his feelings to others.

Acquisition and Use of Knowledge and Skills (including early language/communication)
Child is very curious. His curiosity and learning are driven by his motor skills and it may be difficult to slow him down to do fine motor tasks or “read” books. He touches everything and lacks the sense of danger for outlets or climbing to high places.

Child is beginning to show his ability to play with toys. He may even be able to play with a single toy in a variety of ways (this should be mastered by 18-20 months).

He is using jargon mixed with single words. He will point and vocalize to his caregiver what he wants, such as pointing to the pantry or refrigerator when hungry.

Ability to Take Actions to Get Needs Met

Controls Body to Get Wants and Needs Met
Child walks alone throughout his environment and can easily squat down to pick up a toy without falling. Child may spend time playing in a squatting position. As the child’s curiosity has grown with the ability to move about, the child will naturally attempt to go up stairs on his hands and knees. Parents may comment that the child is in constant motion.

Self Care (Feeding, Dressing & Toileting)
Child is taking a more active role in dressing by raising his arms/lifting legs to help caregiver dress him.

Makes Wants and Needs Known
Child is more specific with pointing and vocalizing to caregiver what he wants (e.g., points to pantry if hungry). He has several words (2-5) to request food items (cup, juice, cookie, eat, milk, cracker, etc.)

16 months

General Impression:
This is a time when children are really beginning to show early learning skills such as making animal sounds and pointing to a few body parts (usually face parts first). Most children imitate grown-up activities.

Positive Social-Emotional Skills (including social relations)
Child enjoys imitating grown up activities. She may pretend to talk on the phone or wipe down the table. She enjoys engaging with adults and doing activities to please caregivers.

Acquisition and Use of Knowledge and Skills (including early language/communication)
Child’s ability to imitate will drive learning. She is imitating activities that Mom and Dad do (e.g., sweeping). She can use a toy in many different ways and can be seen using a simple block as a telephone or a bowl as a hat.

She can make several animal sounds recalling both the sound and matching it to the appropriate animal. She can point to all of her facial features upon request. Child has a vocabulary of 10-25 words.

Ability to Take Actions to Get Needs Met

Controls Body to Get Wants and Needs Met
Child’s gait is narrower now and she is able to walk and carry her toys from room to room. She is interested in going up stairs by walking with assistance from a caregiver.

Child will play with one toy in a variety of ways, as she is able to use her hands to manipulate small pieces. She may try to figure out what other ways the toy can fit together or work by changing the pieces around.

Self Care (Feeding, Dressing & Toileting)
The beginning signs of putting clothes on begin this month with the child able to put on a hat. Child will also begin to use a spoon (maximum spilling) and can hold an open cup and drink with moderate spilling.

Makes Wants and Needs Known
Vocabulary continues to increase, especially related to wants/needs.
 

17 months

General Impression:
At 17 months, child has many new skills including an increased vocabulary, dexterity with crayons and puzzles, and ability to use a spoon.

Positive Social-Emotional Skills (including social relations)
Child is beginning to notice other children. This is a critical point for the child to begin understanding that other people exist and there is a whole world he can interact with. His egocentricity will not fully dissipate until nearly middle childhood, but this is an early step in beginning social relationships with other children. Although parallel play dominates, he may compete for a toy with another child.

Acquisition and Use of Knowledge and Skills (including early language/communication)
Child’s hand-eye coordination and problem solving skills are working together as he is able to complete simple puzzles and also imitate simple lines with a crayon. He will enjoy coloring.

Child can pick up and put away toys when asked. His vocabulary is 10-20 words.

Ability to Take Actions to Get Needs Met

Controls Body to Get Wants and Needs Met
Child is beginning to do a fast walk or stiff looking run. He can climb over anything in the house that may be in his way to getting to his toys or something else he wants. He has become quite adept at completing puzzles now that he has the ability to rotate his hands/fingers to complete them.

Self Care (Feeding, Dressing & Toileting)
Child is trying to use a spoon independently, still has a significant amount of spilling (50%).

Makes Wants and Needs Known
Although child has several words, may use motor skills to go and get his own food / drink.

18 months

General Impression:
Child is spending a lot of time running, climbing and moving toys around. Child is beginning to do simple pretend play and can follow two-step directions. Temper tantrums are common. Child is eating with a spoon and no longer places toys or objects in mouth (only food).

Positive Social-Emotional Skills (including social relations)
Parallel play still dominates child’s play with other children. Temper tantrums are common, especially when child is unable to communicate feelings or their play is interrupted. Child is much more independent and feels comfortable exploring the house without adults.

Acquisition and Use of Knowledge and Skills (including early language/communication)
Child is beginning to do simple pretend play (i.e. feeding the doll). She will experiment with unfamiliar objects to determine what their purpose is. She only puts food items in her mouth and no longer places toys or other inedible objects in her mouth.

Child’s attention and interest in books has increased and she will listen to Mom or Dad read a modified/shortened version of a story. She points to pictures when asked, “where’s the ….” She can point to body parts beyond her facial features, name familiar objects when asked, and repeat several words upon request.

Ability to Take Actions to Get Needs Met

Controls Body to Get Wants and Needs Met
Child is very active and is running now. She can move large objects and toys and may be seen pushing a chair up to the kitchen counter to get something higher than she can reach. She can walk up stairs with one hand held. She can get into adult and child sized chairs to sit down on her own.

Self Care (Feeding, Dressing & Toileting)
Child is still working on taking clothes off and can now unzip zippers, take off shoes, socks, hat and gloves. She will allow her teeth to be brushed without excessive fussing.

Independent eating is coming along as she can now spoon-feed herself with little spilling. She will hand her empty dish to parent when she is finished eating.

Makes Wants and Needs Known
Has several words, however, often uses motor skills to get own needs met
 

21 months

General Impression:
Child enjoys pretend play with dolls or figurines. Personality shines through all actions and he is very set in his ways, fussing when things aren’t “just so.” The child can now use his vocabulary to communicate 20 + words. He can now follow more complicated / multi-step directions and is often helpful to caregiver with daily tasks.

Positive Social-Emotional Skills (including social relations)
Child has a better understanding of others’ feelings, as he will try to comfort others when he notices they are upset. His independence allows him to move away from Mom and sit with other familiar adults. He will also attempt to problem solve independently rather than relying on adults to do it for him. Child will exhibit varying emotions during play. Adults may hear/see verbal or physical scolding of stuffed animals/dolls in play.

Acquisition and Use of Knowledge and Skills (including early language/communication)
Child is very independent and he will attempt to problem solve independent of adults. His attention has increased and he will sit and look at a book for several minutes. He can put away some of his toys/shoes. He may be very interested in small objects - bugs may be fascinating to him.

Ability to Take Actions to Get Needs Met

Controls Body to Get Wants and Needs Met
Child is very interested in using his body to balance on curbs, playing in a squatting position, crawling backwards down the stairs. He is getting more skilled with his coloring and can imitate lines and copy circular scribbles.

Self Care (Feeding, Dressing & Toileting)
Child is able to independently feed himself with little spilling. He is beginning to attempt to put his shoes on and may be successful getting slip-on or sandal type shoes on. He is also beginning to notice when his diaper is wet or dirty. He may separate himself to have a BM or pull at his diaper when it is not dry.

Makes Wants and Needs Known
His language is developed enough to enable him to ask for food when hungry. He may also ask for toilet or drink. Although many of the testing tools indicate toilet training beginning at this age, it is more likely to happen after 2 years old.

24 Months

General Impression:
Child prefers to be around other children and is very interested in what they are doing. Although interested in others, she will defend her toys often saying “mine.” Child is showing more awareness of body functions.

Positive Social-Emotional Skills (including social relations)
Child has developed a strong sense of “mine” and will claim everything as her own. She may “hoard” some toys and definitely will protest them being taken from her. She is beginning to want to play with other children and may attempt to initiate play activities with them. Although sharing isn’t expected at this age, she may even be able to hand a toy to another child (assuming the toy isn’t holding too much of her interest). She certainly prefers to be around other children, showing an interest in playing with them even if she isn’t always able to initiate play activities. The child will role-play with dolls and figurines. During these play activities, she may express a wide variety of emotions, including aggression, which she is exploring and testing out.

Acquisition and Use of Knowledge and Skills (including early language/communication)
Child is really into playing now. She is able to pretend with her dolls/figurines, as well as pretend that other household objects/toys are something other than their ordinary use (i.e. blocks are food, remote control is a telephone, etc.). Her attention span has increased dramatically and the intensity of that attention makes it sometimes difficult to transition her from activity to activity. Children at this age enjoy books, which is wonderful as this is a critical part to building vocabulary and exposure to a wider variety of objects, ideas and experiences.

At 24 months, she can say more than 50 words (more likely 100 words) and put those words together in 2 word phrases to communicate with others. Strangers should easily understand about 50% of what she says. She uses the pronouns “I,” “you,” and “me”, although she doesn’t always have complete mastery of them. She can understand prepositions, such as under, over, in and out. She can refer to herself by her name or as “I.” Her understanding of language far exceeds what she is able to express. She understands and can point to many body parts, even beyond the simplest ones.

Ability to Take Actions to Get Needs Met

Controls Body to Get Wants and Needs Met
The intense drive for motor activities has weakened some and the child can now sit to focus on specific toys. She can turn pages of a book one page at a time, purposefully control a crayon when coloring, and do 5-7 piece puzzles.

Self Care (Feeding, Dressing & Toileting)
Child may squat, hold herself, and/or verbalize toilet needs. She may be able to take off almost all of her clothes, but will still need help with buttons. She can also pull her pants/shorts off and on which assists with toilet training.

Makes Wants and Needs Known
Child uses her language to claim ownership of her toys and personal belongings, and protests someone taking a toy from her and says “mine.”

She asks for snacks or drinks when hungry/thirsty.

Click here to find Typical developmental information Click here for ages 1 through 6 months developmental milestones Click here for ages 7 through 12 months developmental milestones Click here for ages 13 through 24 months developmental milestones Click here for ages 27 through 36 months developmental milestones


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