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7 Months
 

General Impression:
Baby has a new view of his toys as he is able to sit by himself and use his hands freely to manipulate toys before taking them to his mouth. Baby’s vocalizations are expanding to include some consonant vowel combinations. Baby is showing signs of wanting to crawl.

Positive Social-Emotional Skills (including social relations)
Baby continues to show a strong attachment to primary caregivers. He still enjoys looking at his mirror image. His coos and babbling continue to be a response to social stimuli as well as a way to engage others.

Acquisition and Use of Knowledge and Skills (including early language/communication)
Baby’s interest in toys and playing expands

  • Plays with paper when it is offered
  • Holds one toy in a hand and picks up another toy with the other hand
  • Reaches persistently for toys, picks up and transfers toy from one hand to another, and bangs and shakes toys to elicit a noise

Vocalizations continue with additional vowel sounds being added. Baby may even be able to make consonant vowel combinations as he babbles in play.

Ability to Take Actions to Get Needs Met

Controls Body to Get Wants and Needs Met
Baby is really pushing to move to get to toys. He can sit and play with his toys, go onto his tummy and reach out with one arm, and experiment on his hands and knees by rocking back of forth. Most babies are able to scoot backwards.

Baby can use his hands to manipulate toys between them and he will reach out fully to get to a toy.

Self Care (Feeding, Dressing & Toileting)
Eats solid foods from a spoon well
Can finger-feed dry cereal, little pieces of meat, fruits and vegetables

Makes Wants and Needs Known
Will reach or push away to indicate needs regarding food/drink

8 months  

General Impression:
Baby is exploring more now that she can sit, roll, scoot and maybe crawl forward. Everything in baby’s world seems to be a new adventure.

Positive Social-Emotional Skills (including social relations)
Baby continues to increase her ability to vocalize in “conversation” to respond to people. Baby’s first separation anxiety is resolving.

Acquisition and Use of Knowledge and Skills (including early language/communication )
Baby has learned how to get her toys to make noises. She will shake them repeatedly to get the noise. She may be able to activate very simple cause/effect toys. She is still putting toys in her mouth, but now she is biting or chewing on them.

She has several consonant vowel combinations, such as ba, na, ka. She can make sounds like dada, baba and mama.

Ability to Take Actions to Get Needs Met

Controls Body to Get Wants and Needs Met
Many babies are scooting forward in a modified crawl to get to their toys, caregiver or bottle.

Self Care (Feeding, Dressing & Toileting)
Baby is much more successful in finger feeding herself.

Makes Wants and Needs Known
May use shouting to get someone’s attention (not just whining, crying)

9 months

General Impression:
Baby is engaged and interactive with others. Early “conversation” is happening with others. Baby has newfound freedom with crawling, and may explore large areas of a room. More independent in finger feeding self snacks.

Positive Social-Emotional Skills (including social relations)
By nine months old, baby will turn his head if his name is called, make eye contact and smile acknowledging the interaction. He will shake his head “no-no” and use vocalization, turning or pushing away to indicate he is finished or doesn’t like what is being offered.

Baby notices and vocalizes when Mom is preparing to leave the house. He will exchange smiles, loving faces and other expressions with his parents, including back and forth sounds. He will now play interactive games such as chase or peek-a-boo.

Acquisition and Use of Knowledge and Skills (including early language/communication )
Baby has a clear understanding of object permanence, as he will now search for a toy when it is taken away. He purposefully releases a toy from his hand and will engage putting things in and out of containers.

Baby can shake his head “no-no” to indicate what he does/doesn’t want. He turns to make eye contact and smiles when his name is called,showing both an understanding of his name and the social interaction. He imitates simple sounds and many consonant vowel combinations can be heard now in play.

Ability to Take Actions to Get Needs Met

Controls Body to Get Wants and Needs Met
Baby is very sure in sitting and transitioning into other positions from sitting to play or to get other needs met. Many babies will be pulling up to stand using their caregiver or the furniture. Baby can show excitement and engage in play by clapping hands together. May enjoy banging objects to make very loud noises.

Self Care (Feeding, Dressing & Toileting)
Holds, bites, and chews cracker or cookie
Grasps food and small toys/objects with thumb and forefinger (early pincer grasp – inferior. More refined/neat pincer grasp is by 12 months

Makes Wants and Needs Known
Shakes head “no-no”

10 months

General Impression:
Baby is beginning to respond to social games. Baby is very motivated by her ability to move as she can now pull up to standing from sitting position and crawl on hands and knees to get to her toys or caregiver or explore new areas. Baby may “push” boundaries with this new mobility.

Positive Social-Emotional Skills (including social relations)
Baby is showing early understanding of social games as she will respond with an action to a simple request i.e. wave bye-bye, peek-a-boo and so big. She is beginning to get an understanding of “no-no” as she will stop briefly what she is doing when told no.

Acquisition and Use of Knowledge and Skills (including early language/communication)
Baby is showing an interest in books and will look at the pictures. She likes to imitate caregiver’s actions in play by banging, stirring, patting, etc. She is exploring toys by poking and touching with her index finger. She can easily uncover toys that are hidden and will move other objects in an attempt to find a lost toy. She may show a preference for certain toys and routinely seek those toys.

She calls “mama” and “dada” although it may not yet be specific (that would be expected by 12 months) and will stop what she is doing when told “no-no,” if only for a brief period.

Ability to Take Actions to Get Needs Met

Controls Body to Get Wants and Needs Met
Baby is crawling now to get her needs met (toys, caregivers). Baby likes standing and many babies will be cruising along the furniture to get to many items – even those that are “off limits” such as a glass with water.

Self Care (Feeding, Dressing & Toileting)
Child is eating more foods and relying less on bottle and/or breast for nutrition

Makes Wants and Needs Known
May go to pantry/kitchen looking for food

11 months

General Impression:
Baby is exerting more independence in mobility and feeding skills. Most babies will be experimenting with standing alone without support of caregiver or furniture. Baby repeats actions, such as laughing, to get a response from others in their environment.

Positive Social-Emotional Skills (including social relations)
Baby is showing an awareness of how actions get a positive response (i.e. laughing) from adults. He will do an action repeatedly to get the desired response.

Acquisition and Use of Knowledge and Skills (including early language/communication)
Baby understands that his actions have an effect – he will repeat sounds or gestures when they are laughed at. He is actively seeking out his toys now that his motor skills allow him to do so. Baby can hold crayons and make marks on the paper but may prefer to put the crayons in his mouth.

Baby can make many different vowel consonant combinations. He is just about to emerge into language with consistent names for mom and dad in the upcoming month. His babbling may sound more like words.

Ability to Take Actions to Get Needs Met

Controls Body to Get Wants and Needs Met
Most babies will be somewhere in the walking stage, although true walking is not fully expected until 14 months. This level of independence opens up many ways for the baby to get his own entertainment and physical needs met. Many babies begin to have the opportunity to “color” and they are successful with making some marks on paper or other surfaces.

Self Care (Feeding, Dressing & Toileting)
Finger feeds
Shows early spoon-feeding skills

Makes Wants and Needs Known
May say “baba” for bottle. Calls “mama” and/or “dada” to get needs met.

12 months

General Impression:
By 12 months, the child’s world is beginning to expand; she is getting into everything, becoming very vocal and asserting herself in new ways. Many children will be walking at this age, however, if not, then child will probably enjoy spending a great deal of time in a standing position. With this newfound independence also comes some separation anxiety when parent attempts to leave. Child begins to follow simple directions (i.e. handing his/her parent a toy, waving bye-bye, finding shoes).

Positive Social-Emotional Skills (including social relations)
Child is experiencing her second separation anxiety as she clings to her parent when the parent attempts to leave. Child has an increased dependence on her mother/primary caregiver as she is experiencing more independence with her emerging walking skills. Child likes to be able to hear and see an adult most of the time and may even protest going to bed because of this separation. She will also begin to hand a toy to her parent when asked.

Acquisition and Use of Knowledge and Skills (including early language/communication)
Child is showing increased curiosity about her environment. She will point to objects with her index finger and look back to her caregiver with a questioning look.

Child is connecting words with objects and can follow simple instructions such as “go get the ball.” She will also understand simple directions related to her daily routine. She can say at least 2 words besides ”mama” and “dada.” She “sings” (makes sounds) when she hears music.

Ability to Take Actions to Get Needs Met

Controls Body to Get Wants and Needs Met
Child has more control with how she plays with toys. She will enjoy putting things in and out of a container multiple times. She will probably enjoy playing with shape sorters and cause/effect pop-up toys now that she has more control over using her hands. She is still working on her new pattern of movement (walking is emerging or has emerged) , and enjoys exploring larger areas of the house.

Self Care (Feeding, Dressing & Toileting)
Finger-feeds self for part of a meal
Can take off hat and shoes
Does not mind being dressed –cooperates with caregiver

Makes Wants and Needs Known
Indicates desire to “get down” or “get out” other than fussing or crying
Says “ba-ba” or other word to indicate food desires

Click here to find Typical developmental information Click here for ages 1 through 6 months developmental milestones Click here for ages 7 through 12 months developmental milestones Click here for ages 13 through 24 months developmental milestones Click here for ages 27 through 36 months developmental milestones


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